family with dog 500x300Dander is made up of the minute scales from fur, hair, feathers or skin of animals. Every animal’s dander is different, which is why some people can tolerate dogs but not cats and vice versa. Most people with allergic reactions to animal dander are responding to dog or cat dander, but dander from birds, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, horses and many other animals can also cause problems, depending on the individual’s sensitivity. Sneezing, itchy and/or watery eyes, sinus congestion and even difficulty breathing can be caused by dander allergy. Dander is sticky and can survive for months in an environment. It attaches itself to dust.

There is no such thing as a true hypoallergenic animal, but some breeds of dogs do seem to cause fewer allergic problems than others. People with dander allergies can safely keep pets without fur or feathers, such as turtles, snakes or fish. But if you have someone in the home with a dander allergy who simply cannot give up their beloved creature, there are strategies you can follow to keep symptoms at a minimum.

  • Keep animals out of the bedroom at all times, and create other pet-free zones in the home.
  • Change the filters in your furnace and air conditioning frequently.
  • Consider removing carpets and replacing them with tile, wood, or vinyl flooring. Wash throw rugs in hot water frequently.
  • Use blinds instead of drapes, especially in bedrooms.
  • Wash hands after handling animals, and never hold the animal close to the face.
  • Launder bedding in hot water to remove dander that may travel into the bedroom on clothes or shoes.
  • Use portable air purifiers in the home.
  • Feed pets high quality pet food and consider a coat supplement. Both efforts will reduce shedding and increased flaking of dander from the pet.
  • Vacuum frequently with a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter. For best results, invest in a central vacuum system. Unlike traditional vacuum cleaners, which re-circulate some of the dander and irritants back into the home environment, a central vacuum system will remove virtually all contaminants through the hose and into behind-the-wall tubes which lead to a sealed container away from living space, such as the basement, garage, or even a closet. This unit can then be easily emptied by a non-allergic member of the household.


480742343 shower doorI find getting soiled grout to look good again is a chore that confounds many homeowners, especially if stains have been left untreated for a long time. But with the right product, grout can be cleaned well enough to sparkle like new.

Start with the mildest solution and then work your way up to stronger stuff if stains are stubborn. For example, some people swear by plain old vinegar or baking soda to clean grout. If using vinegar, dilute with an equal part of water. Baking soda can be mixed with a small amount of water to make a paste. Then spray or dab on a short length of grout and scrub with a stiff brush. Avoid metal brushes, as they can erode grout. An old toothbrush is generally not stiff enough. Use a small circular motion for best results. Rinse well with water and mop or sponge dry.

If after testing a small section, the grime remains, consider the following options, always remembering to use good ventilation and keep all cleaning products well labeled and out of the reach of children. Never mix cleaning products, as the combined chemicals can give off harmful gases.

  • Everyday household cleaners like Mr. Clean, Lysol or Spic ‘n’ Span can work well on grout, using the above technique.
  • Powdered oxygen bleach is nontoxic, doesn’t give off harmful fumes, and is safe on colored fabrics and grout alike. Stain molecules are literally broken into pieces by the oxygen ions, which makes them easy to rinse away. Mix oxygen bleach with water as directed and apply to dry grout so it soaks in deeply. Let sit for at 15-30 minutes, then scrub with a stiff brush, applying more solution to each section as you scrub. Wipe clean with fresh water. To keep grout looking good after the initial deep cleaning, use oxygen bleach in the cleaning water each time you wipe or mop the tile, and let sit for 30 minutes without rinsing. Then rinse with fresh water.
  • Hydrogen peroxide sprayed, mopped or sponged on grout can be an effective stain remover. For stubborn stains make a paste of hydrogen peroxide and baking soda and rub with a sponge or brush. Wear gloves and avoid getting on clothes.
  • A solution of half bleach and half water can be sprayed on shower grout at night after everyone is in bed and all items have been removed from the shower. Rinse off in the morning. Again, use adequate ventilation when applying bleach, and never mix bleach with other cleaners.
  • Some homeowners get great results on grout by using scrubbers that are powered by rechargeable batteries and come with different attachments. Available for around $30 retail, they can be a small but worthwhile investment.
  • Steam cleaners can also be effective on grout.


111779891If you’re seeking relief from the constant cycle of housekeeping chores, there are many options to choose from in housecleaning services. Here are some considerations to help you make a good choice for your personal needs:

How often? If you can’t afford weekly cleaning service, other options are usually available. You can get bi-weekly service, monthly cleaning, or even one-time assistance for a special occasion. If the latter is the case, don’t wait till the last minute to arrange for it. Cleaners have set schedules and they will need to work you in around their regular customers.

Do they provide their own cleaning supplies? If so, that will affect the price. If you have particular products you prefer, ask if you can supply them, and how it will affect the fee structure.

Are they bonded or insured? Residential cleaning services with offices and overhead cost more, but their employees are usually bonded and insured. On the other hand, if an independent cleaning person is referred to you from a friend or professional you trust, that might be satisfactory, and their rates will probably be more reasonable. At any rate, always ask for more than one reference, and follow up on them.

What services will be rendered for the fee? There is a difference between a maid service and a housecleaning service. A maid will often do light housework, including changing sheets and making beds, tidy up and do some laundry. Most cleaning services will not do laundry, make beds, or do windows. Some will take out the garbage and load the dishwasher—ask. The standard housecleaning package includes cleaning and sanitizing kitchen and bathrooms, vacuuming, and thorough dusting. For an extra fee, the package can accommodate laundry, polishing woodwork, cleaning light fixtures, windows and/or floor waxing.

How does payment work? Typically, prices are based on square footage of your home. Ask people around your community about going rates. Arrange payment systems up front. Will you pay each visit? Monthly? What form of payment is accepted?

Last, consider a house cleaning gift certificate for new parents or someone undergoing extensive treatment for an illness. It is a thoughtful gesture that will be greatly appreciated.


Beautiful yellow goldenrod flowers blooming

It’s a shame that a plant as pretty as ragweed causes so much misery. But come midsummer, with its proliferation in the Midwest and Eastern states, along with each plant’s ability to produce up to a billion grains of windborne pollen, ragweed is a scourge to thousands of allergy sufferers.

Though the plant itself is not harmful, the oversensitive immune systems of the allergy-prone convince the body to treat it like an invader, causing the runny nose, puffy eyes, itchy ears and general respiratory discomfort that are the hallmark symptoms of pollen allergy. Asthma sufferers may also find that ragweed season triggers or intensifies asthma symptoms.

(A side note: While similar in appearance, ragweed is often confused with goldenrod, a valuable native plant also used increasingly in garden design. Goldenrod generally does not cause allergic reactions. Research photos of both plants so you can tell the difference).

While there is no cure for ragweed allergy, several strategies I have found can help sufferers breathe easier when the plant reaches its peak season. While you should consult your doctor with serious allergy concerns, these common sense tips will augment any medications or treatments offered by your medical practitioner.

Keep tabs on pollen counts in newspapers, or on the web. The American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology on the Internet publishes pollen counts by region. Avoid the outdoors when pollen counts are high. If possible, stay in an air conditioned environment equipped with a HEPA filter, especially when you sleep. At the very least, keep windows closed during peak pollen hours.

Predawn hours are peak time for ragweed pollen in rural areas, but depending on weather, urban areas will peak between 10 am and 3 pm. Damp, rainy and cool temperatures below 50 degrees F will slow pollen release.

I have everyone remove their shoes when they enter my home. A great deal of pollen and irritants are tracked in the house on footwear.
Pollen is carried on clothing, too. Remove clothing to a laundry area when you undress, and wash promptly.

You can leave ragweed-dense areas and go to other parts of the country during midsummer for relief, but don’t feel you have to move away from where you live. Research has shown that people with pollen-related allergies often will develop allergies to different plants in different locales.

A worthwhile investment for comfort, health and cleaner living is a central vacuum system. Traditional vacuum cleaners, even if they are equipped with HEPA filters, can suck up and then re-circulate dirt and fine pollutants back into your indoor air. A central vacuum system, by contrast, collects and contains even the tiniest particles of dust and pollen, virtually all of them, then transports it through the hose and interconnected plastic tubing behind your walls to a sealed container. When the container is filled, it can be emptied and the contents disposed of. Many allergy sufferers maintain that their central vacuum systems are the most important allergy-fighting tool at their disposal.


Portrait of Siberian cat outdoorThere’s little that’s rational about loving a pet (or another human being, for that matter). But what if your fine, furry feline makes you sneeze and wheeze? Are you forced to give him up?
In many cases, the answer is no. Whether it’s you or a housemate that’s attached to a beloved cat, here are several strategies I have found for coexisting in harmony even when someone suffers from a cat allergy.

If possible, invest in a central vacuum system and use it at least twice weekly. Why? Contrary to popular belief, it’s not cat fur or hair that are the allergy culprits. People with cat allergies are actually reacting to proteins in cat saliva, urine and dander (dried flakes of skin). Traditional vacuum cleaners may be able to capture shedding fur, but they also often re-circulate the fine particles of dander that cause the most problems right back into the indoor air. A central vacuum system, by contrast, pulls nearly 100% of all particulate matter into a hose that transports it to a sealed container away from living spaces. If you can’t get a central vacuum system, at the very least use a vacuum cleaner equipped with a HEPA filter.

Regularly wipe down flat surfaces and walls with a dampened cloth.

Try to contain the cat’s living areas to certain areas of the house. At minimum, the cat should not be allowed in bedrooms. An alternative is to allow the cat to go outside, which eliminates a good deal of the hair and dander that would otherwise end up in the house. Just make sure the animal is neutered or spayed.

Eliminate overstuffed furniture as much as possible.

Replace drapes and curtains with slatted blinds.

Always wash your hands after petting a cat, and avoid touching your face, especially the eyes. If you are very allergic, avoid touching the cat at all.

I asked my vet about a special spray you can apply to your cat’s coat to minimize dander.

  • A non-allergenic housemate should clean the litter boxes regularly and brush the cat, preferably outside (use a leash in case the cat hates being brushed and tries to run away!)
  • Over-the-counter antihistamines can be effective, but check with your doctor first.
  • Believe it or not, some cats will actually tolerate being vacuumed gently, and a few even consider it a treat! It might be worth a try. There are special pet vacuuming attachments available for central vacuum systems. Pets seem to tolerate these because the noise level of a central vacuum system is substantially lower than that of a traditional vacuum cleaner, so the sound is much less alarming to an animal’s sensitive ears.


Summertime meadow under blue sky

If you’re sniffling, sneezing and rubbing your eyes while everyone else is celebrating what a beautiful day it is, you may be suffering from pollen allergy.

Commonly known as hay fever, pollen allergy affects about 1 in 10 Americans, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). It’s caused when pollen grains from trees, grasses and weeds float through the air in spring, summer or fall and end up in our noses, ears, eyes and mouths. Ragweed, the most common perpetrator, can release up to a million grains of pollen a day from a single plant. For most people, this isn’t bothersome and the body flushes those substances away naturally, but for those allergic to pollen, it can cause misery.

Relief from pollen allergy symptoms can be achieved by several methods. First, if you are experiencing symptoms for the first time, see your doctor to confirm a diagnosis. In addition to over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines your doctor may recommend, try the following strategies I have found to minimize suffering when pollen counts are high:

  • Be alert for high pollen count days, which can vary by season, location, time of day and weather. Dry, windy days tend to cause the most trouble with pollen allergies. Some sufferers claim pollen counts are highest at 5 AM and 5 PM. Local newspapers often report the pollen count, or go to and enter your zip code or city and state to learn pollen counts.
  • Stay indoors as much as possible on high pollen count days.
  • When you do go out, avoid other allergy triggers: exhaust fumes and other air pollution, perfumes, animal dander, high stress situations, spicy food, smoke.
  • Some experts believe icy drinks aggravate allergy symptoms, and that drinking a cup of hot tea before getting out of bed can help relieve fluctuations in body temperature that throw off the body’s natural defenses during high pollen counts.
  • When you return home from being outside, change clothes and wash the ones you were wearing. Take off shoes before entering the house. Shoes and clothes bring in lots of pollen.
  • Pets can carry a high amount of pollen. At the very least, keep your pets out of the bedroom, and use a permanent, washable HEPA air filter on your furnace.
  • Keep windows shut. Use air conditioning if possible.
  • Damp wipe nonporous surfaces to capture pollen that has entered the house.
  • A central vacuum system can most effectively remove pollen from carpets and drapes and transport it to a source away from living spaces, such as a garage, attic, closet or basement. Traditional vacuum cleaners tend to re-circulate allergens back into the air and can actually aggravate symptoms.


Unhappy young woman catched a cold and using paper handkerchief

I have learned that symptoms of a mold allergy are very similar to other allergic symptoms. Sneezing, coughing and itchy, watery eyes are common. There are many types of molds both indoors and outdoors, and not all of them cause allergic symptoms. And while mold allergy symptoms aren’t dangerous unless you also have asthma, they can certainly cause misery and reduce quality of life. While medications can help with serious cases, here are simple ways to keep mold at bay and symptoms away:

  • Mold flourishes in humid conditions. Keep the humidity levels in your home at 50% or below. An inexpensive hygrometer, available at hardware stores, can monitor home humidity levels.
  • Check basements and all pipes for leaks and dampness, and make necessary repairs. Clean areas of damage with a mild bleach solution.
  • Keep bathrooms well ventilated with windows or fans. Ideally, run a bathroom fan for 30 minutes after showering to dry the indoor air.
  • Sleep with windows closed. Night air is damp air and mold count is highest during those hours.
  • If you are particularly troubled by mold allergy symptoms, avoid going outdoors right after it rains or on particularly humid days.
  • If possible, install central air conditioning, and use a high-efficiency air particulate attachment (HEPA) filter. At the very least, use a window unit in the bedroom during warm months.
  • Change filters regularly in air conditioning units and furnaces.
  • If you have plants, avoid overwatering, and keep all woven liners such as baskets very dry.

If you work outside, mowing lawns, raking leaves, or planting a garden, wear a dust mask to prevent inhaling mold spores.


collie dogPets add immeasurable joy and companionship to our lives—good thing, because they sure make a lot of mess. I have found a nifty solution to some of those messes, like tracked-in leaves and dirt, spilled pet food, tumbleweeds of shed fur, stray litter around the cat box, and other miscellaneous debris created by pets:

Spot by Vroom is a flexible, 15’ long hose that lives in your wall and hooks directly to your central vacuum system. You can place one in your messiest zones, like the laundry room/pet room/mud room and pull out the Spot whenever you need a speedy cleanup. The hose automatically retracts back into the wall when you’re finished. There are also special attachments you can buy for Spot—even one that grooms your dog!

Save time messing around with a broom and dust pan or lugging out a vacuum cleaner. Spot is right at your fingertips. Also perfect for powdered detergent spills; lint screens; dust bunnies behind, between and underneath appliances and cabinets; small messes in hobby rooms or workshops. You’ll find a hundred uses for this handy little gadget that hides away when you don’t need it and appears in a flash when you do.

Don’t have a central vacuum system? You can retrofit your home with a central vacuum system in less than a day, and you won’t know how you lived without it.


Organize Definition Magnifier Showing Managing Or Arranging Into StructureHome organization is an ongoing process, and time is your most important resource. I have found that even 15 minutes a day committed to de-cluttering will go a long way.

That said, there are thousands of products on the market designed to help along the process. Browsing quickly reveals a range of pricing and quality that can overwhelm—how to choose the best products for your needs? Try using these simple, tried-and-true guidelines:

  • How sturdy does it need to be? A sagging shelf isn’t pretty or functional. If you are buying storage units to hold heavy items, better to invest in sturdy products. On the other hand, if you are looking for a place to hold wrapping paper and ribbon or lightweight crafts, cleaning supplies or clothing, adjust your selections accordingly. Use this same logic when considering the location of stored items. Cardboard boxes, while economical, might be perfect for papers in a home office closet, but a poor choice for basement storage. A good all-purpose material for practical storage in closets, pantries and basements is coated, heavy-duty wire shelving on metal brackets.
  • How visible is it? If items are stowed in closets, cubby holes, attics or basements and pulled out infrequently, be practical and avoid spending big dollars on the most aesthetically pleasing products. But if you’re organizing something you look at every day, it’s worth it to buy products that you’ll be happy looking at, and which are also easy to clean.
  • How much of a beating will it take? Again, location is everything. Your garage, family entryway and/or mud room are some of the most-used areas of the house, and probably not gently. Go with products that can withstand some abuse, or you’ll end up replacing them quickly. On the other hand, shelving that will hold dress hats and scarves in Grandma’s closet will most likely be treated gently, so won’t require industrial strength materials.
  • How much room do you have? Even good looking organizational units can start crowding out their owners, which defeats their purpose. Choose products that work with the space you have. Consider using vertical space on walls to maximum effect, for example. Items can also be hung above your head, such as pots and pans in the kitchen suspended from a handsome wrought iron or steel unit. Don’t forget about the space under beds. Ditto for the inside of doors—there are many practical products for storing everything from shoes and jewelry to canned goods in narrow spaces. You can even buy furniture that doubles as storage: ottomans with removable tops to reveal handy spots for stashing magazines, for example.
  • Should it move easily? If you want to keep things easily portable or cleanable, consider storing them in units on casters that can lock in place for safety.
  • What are your home’s “hot spots”? We all have them. They are the places that accumulate clutter the fastest: shoes, mail, newspapers, makeup and hair products, homework and school supplies, kitchen gadgets, computer accessories, laundry, etc. Start with buying products that keep those areas under better control, then work up to the areas that are less troublesome.
  • Remember that clutter continues to accumulate despite our best efforts, especially if you have a young family. Purge on a regular basis: recycle, donate, sell or give away the stuff you don’t use anymore. Make a point of eliminating an item for every new item that comes into your home. No amount of clever storage products will replace the all-important process of weeding out unneeded items.


Spray Bottle with spongeMold can cause serious respiratory health issues, in addition to being unsightly. Keep your home clean and healthy by following these preventative maintenance guidelines:

  • Use adehumidifier in humid climates and/or in basements.
  • Keep yourhome cool.
  • Don’t leavewater standing anywhere in the home or near the home.
  • Useventilation fans in the bathroom during and after showers and baths.
  • Use ventilation fans in thekitchen while cooking.
  • Use your nose: If you suspect a moldy odor, see if mold is hiding under carpets or behind walls.
  • Check regularly for leaksin plumbing, roofs, ceilings and walls. Correct the problem immediately.
  • Make sure yourdryer is vented to the outside.
  • Vacuum frequently, since mold spores are microscopic and can be housed in dust that forms in your home.

If you have minor mold problems on a non-porous surface like bathroom or kitchen tiles, you can easily treat it with a mild bleach solution or vinegar. Minor carpet mold can be treated with baking soda or professional cleaning. Just make sure you locate and solve the source of the mold problem, as well.

Drywall mold is another story. Since it cannot be cleaned, it must be removed and replaced.